The purpose of this paper is to study the damage induced in “green” and synthetic composites under impact loading.
The study was focussed on epoxy-based composites reinforced with woven hemp or glass fibres. Six assessment techniques were employed in order to analyse and compare impact damages: eye observation, back face relief, terahertz spectroscopy, laser vibrometry, x-ray micro-tomography and microscopic observations.
Different damage detection thresholds for each material and technique were obtained. Damage induced by mechanical and laser impacts showed relevant differences, but the damage mechanisms are similar in both types of impact: matrix cracks, fibre failure, debonding at the fibres/matrix interface and delamination. Damage shape on back surfaces is similar after mechanical or laser impacts, but differences were detected inside samples.
The combination of these six diagnoses provides complementary information on the damage induced by mechanical or laser impacts in the studied green and synthetic composites.
This study was realised thanks to a French-Polish-Italian collaboration in the frame of the project “Eco-Composites: damage Analysis Using Laser shock Technology” (PICS “ECAULT”– No. 6,366).
Touchard, F., Boustie, M., Chocinski-Arnault, L., Pascual González, P., Berthe, L., de Vasconcellos, D., Sorrentino, L., Malinowski, P. and Ostachowicz, W. (2017), "Mechanical and laser impact effects on woven composites with hemp or glass fibres", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 286-307. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-06-2016-0022
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