To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Experimental investigation of zeolite and limestone powder on self-compacting concrete strength after early loading

Faeze Nejati (Department of Civil Engineering, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran)
Samira Ahmadi (Department of Civil Engineering, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran)
S.A. Edalatpanah (Department of Civil Engineering, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 20 June 2019

Issue publication date: 7 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Modern construction methods have been developed with the goal of reducing construction time as much as possible, which results in some situations during construction and within the first few days after it, when concrete is subjected to exceptionally high loads. The precast concrete, which is the concrete in very early ages, may result in severe cracks or damages. In conventional construction projects, sometimes working with concrete, which had not reached its ultimate strength, is an unavoidable matter of fact. This paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Researchers in the field of construction materials have done their best to make some changes in the different parts of the concrete in order to bring about reforms, based on the existing needs, and achieve new quality and primacy from concrete. One kind of concrete, the emergence of which dates back to many years ago, is self-compacting concrete. Thanks to its high efficiency for the parts with complex forms of high-density steel, this kind of concrete suggests new prospects.

Findings

This study aims at evaluating the effect of early loads on the 28-day compressive strength of concretes with zeolite and limestone powder under different curing conditions (wet or dry). In this regard, two self-compacting concrete mix designs with the same ratio of water to cementations materials and 0.4 percent and 10 percent zeolite have been considered; therefore, concrete cube samples with zeolite and limestone powder in different curing conditions at ages of three, one and seven days under preloading with 80–90 percent of compressive strength are damaged, and after curing in different conditions, their 28-day compressive strength is measured. According to the results, the recovery of the 28-day compressive strength of damaged samples, compared to that of intact samples, is possible in all curing conditions. The experiments that have been performed on concrete samples under dry and wet curing conditions show that the full recovery of compressive strength of damaged samples compared to that of intact ones happened only in preloaded samples at the age of one days, and in other ages (three and seven days) the 28-day strength reduction has occurred in damaged samples compared to the that in intact samples. The results of concrete samples with zeolite and without limestone powder at the age of one day indicate the greatest impact on other samples on the 28-day compressive strength of damaged samples compared to that of intact ones, occurring under dry condition.

Originality/value

This research analyzed and studied the influence under wet and dry curing conditions and the presence of limestone powder and zeolite fillers in recovering of the 28-day compressive strength of preloaded concrete samples at early stages (one, three and seven days) after the construction of the concrete.

Keywords

Citation

Nejati, F., Ahmadi, S. and Edalatpanah, S.A. (2019), "Experimental investigation of zeolite and limestone powder on self-compacting concrete strength after early loading", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 515-533. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-05-2018-0031

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited