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Strength model of FRP confined concrete columns based on analytical analysis and experimental test

Mahfoud Touhari (Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Khemis Miliana University, Khemis Miliana, Algeria)
Ratiba Kettab Mitiche (Department of Civil Engineering, National Polytechnic School, Algiers, Algeria)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 2 September 2019

Issue publication date: 22 January 2020

Abstract

Purpose

Covering a fiber-reinforced concrete column (fiber reinforced plastic (FRP)) improves the performance of the column primarily. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the behavior of small FRP concrete columns that are subject to axial pressure loading, in order to study the effect of many parameters on the effectiveness of FRP couplings on circular and square concrete columns.

Design/methodology/approach

These parameters include the shape of the browser (circular and square), whole core and cavity, square radius of square columns, concrete strength (low strength, normal and high), type of FRP (carbon and glass) and number of FRP (1–3) layers. The effective fibrillation failure strain was investigated and the effect of effective lateral occlusion pressure.

Findings

The results of the test showed that the FRP-coated columns improved significantly the final conditions of both the circular and square samples compared to the unrestricted columns; however, improvement of square samples was not as prominent as improvement in circular samples. The results indicated that many parameters significantly affected the behavior of FRP-confined columns. A new model for predicting compressive force and the corresponding strain of FRP is presented. A good relationship is obtained between the proposed equations and the current experimental results.

Originality/value

The average hoop strain in FRP wraps at rupture in FRP-confined concrete specimens can be much lower than that given by tensile coupon tests, meaning the theoretical assumption that the FRP-confined concrete cylinder ruptures when the FRP material tensile strength attained at its maximum is not suitable. Based on this observation, the effective peak strength and corresponding strain formula for FRP concrete confined columns must be based on the effective hoop rupture strain composite materials.

Keywords

Citation

Touhari, M. and Mitiche, R.K. (2020), "Strength model of FRP confined concrete columns based on analytical analysis and experimental test", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 82-106. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-04-2019-0040

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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