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Experimental investigation for the effect of fiber on the mechanical properties of light-weight concrete under dry and wet conditions

Faezeh Nejati (Department of Civil Engineering, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, UK)
S.A. Edalatpanah (Department of Research Center, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 2 September 2019

Issue publication date: 18 March 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of steel and carbon fibers on the mechanical properties of light concrete in terms of tension strength, compressive strength and elastic modulus under completely dry and wet conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, the lightweight concrete made of Light Expanded Clay Aggregate (LECA) as coarse aggregate and sand as fine aggregate was used. To achieve a compressive strength of at least 20 MPa, microsilica was used 10 percent by weight of cement. In order to compensate for the reduction of tension strength of concrete, steel and carbon fibers were used with three volume ratio of 0.5, 1 and 1.5 percent in concrete. The results of concrete specimens were studied at the age of 7, 28, 42 and 90 days under controlled dry and wet conditions.

Findings

The results showed that the addition of steel and carbon fibers to the concrete mixture would reduce the drop in slump. Also, the use of steel and carbon fibers plays a significant role in increasing the tension strength of the specimens. Furthermore, the highest increase in tension strength of steel and carbon fiber samples was 83.3 and 50 percent, respectively, than the non-fibrous specimen when evaluated at 90 days of age. Moreover, the steel and carbon fiber increased the water absorption of the samples. Adding steel and carbon fibers to a lightweight concretes mixture containing LECA aggregates plays a significant role in increasing the modulus of elasticity of the samples. The highest increase in the elastic modulus of steel and carbon fibers was 18.9 and 35.4 percent, respectively, than the non-fibrous specimen at 28 days of age.

Originality/value

In this paper, the authors investigated the mechanical properties of steel fiber and carbon reinforced concrete. Also, according to the conditions of storage of samples and the age of concrete (day), the experiments were carried out on samples.

Keywords

Citation

Nejati, F. and Edalatpanah, S.A. (2020), "Experimental investigation for the effect of fiber on the mechanical properties of light-weight concrete under dry and wet conditions", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 216-238. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-04-2019-0036

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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