The shock absorber is an important component of vehicle suspension that attenuates the vehicle vibration. Its running state directly affects the performance of the vehicle suspension. The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively study the relationship between damping characteristics and air chamber and oil properties in single-tube pneumatic shock absorber.
Combined with the principle of fluid dynamics and hydraulic transmission technology, the rebound stroke and compression stroke mathematical models, and damping characteristics simulation model are established to investigate the effect of the air chamber and oil property on damping characteristics.
Research results show that the initial pressure of the air chamber is the key parameter which influences the damping characteristics of the shock absorber. The change of the initial pressure has more impact on damping force, and less impact on the speed characteristic; the initial volume of the air chamber almost has no effect on the damping characteristics. The density and viscosity of the oil have certain influence on the damping characteristics. Therefore, selecting suitable damping oil is very important.
Using Matlab/Simulink software to build simulation models, its results are very accurate. The conclusions can provide a theoretical reference for the structure design of a single-tube pneumatic shock absorber.
The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51675234, 51205170), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK2012292), the Special Program of the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2013T60502) and the Science and Technology Support Program of Zhenjiang (SYF320150130267).
Liu, H., Xie, F., Zhang, K., Zhang, X., Zhang, J., Wang, C. and Li, H. (2018), "Effect of air chamber and oil properties on damping characteristics of single-tube pneumatic shock absorber", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 27-37. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-03-2017-0017
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