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Failure progression resistance of a generic steel moment-resisting frame under beam-removal scenarios

Farshad Hashemi Rezvani (School of Civil Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia)
Behrouz Behnam (School of Civil Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia)
Hamid Reza Ronagh (School of Civil Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia)
M. Shahria Alam (School of Engineering, The University of British Columbia, Kelowna, Canada)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine the failure progression resistance of the steel moment-resisting frames subjected to various beam-removal scenarios after application of the design earthquake pertinent to the structure by investigating a generic eight-story building.

Design/methodology/approach

The structure is first pushed to arrive at a target roof displacement corresponding to life safety level of performance. To simulate the post-earthquake beam-removal scenario, one of the beam elements is suddenly removed from the structure at a number of different positions. The structural response is then evaluated by using nonlinear static and dynamic analyses.

Findings

The results show that while no failure is observed in all of the scenarios, the vulnerability of the upper stories is much greater than that of the lower stories. In the next step, the structural resistance to such scenarios is determined. The results confirm that for the case study structure, at most, the resistance to failure progression in upper stories is 58 percent more than that of lower stories.

Originality/value

Failure and fracture of beam-to-column connections resulting in removal of beam elements may lead to a chain of subsequent failures in other structural members and eventually lead to progressive collapse in some cases. Deficiency in design or construction process of structures when combined by application of seismic loads may lead to such an event.

Keywords

Citation

Hashemi Rezvani, F., Behnam, B., Reza Ronagh, H. and Alam, M.S. (2017), "Failure progression resistance of a generic steel moment-resisting frame under beam-removal scenarios", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 308-325. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-02-2016-0008

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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