The purpose of this paper is to deliver a roadmap that displays pathways to develop sustainability skills in the engineering curricula.
The selected approach to enrich engineering students with sustainability skills was active learning methodologies. First, a survey was carried out on a sample of 189 students to test the current sustainability literacy and determine the roadmap starting point. Next, a scientometric study regarding active learning methodologies was executed. A total of 2,885 articles and conference proceedings from the period 2013-2016 were retrieved from the Web of Science database. The records were then imported into text mining software to undergo a term clumping process. Annual knowledge clusters based on key terms were outputted. Finally, a roadmap was created by experts based on the annual knowledge clusters.
Four annual pathways were created along the roadmap to develop sustainability skills during the four-year college course in engineering. The first consisted on promoting a recycling campaign through a circular economy. The second aimed at creating educational videos regarding sustainability. The third reinforced reasoning and argumentative skills by preparing a debate on environmental issues. The last path assumed that the student is working in internship programs and prepared him/her to apply environmental management models to solve sustainability issues within the company.
Roadmaps should be updated approximately every two years to reflect novelty. The proposed methodology shows an easy way to create them.
Results from this paper, as well as the proposed methodology, can be applied to any organization forming individuals: from primary school education to employee training programs in organizations.
The development of sustainability skills has a direct, positive impact on professional decision-making and, ultimately, on the environment.
This paper presents a roadmapping process to develop sustainability competences throughout engineering college education.
Rodriguez-Andara, A., Río-Belver, R.M., Rodríguez-Salvador, M. and Lezama-Nicolás, R. (2018), "Roadmapping towards sustainability proficiency in engineering education", International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 413-438. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-06-2017-0079
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