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Examining the willingness to produce organic vegetables in the Bono and Ahafo regions of Ghana

Precious Dapaah Opoku (Department of Planning and Sustainability, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)
Richard Kwasi Bannor (Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)
Helena Oppong-Kyeremeh (Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 20 May 2020

Issue publication date: 8 June 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to analyse the demographic, crop choice, institutional and environmental factors that will influence the vegetable growers in Bono and Ahafo regions of Ghana to produce organic vegetables. The study also assessed the knowledge level of vegetable growers on organic certification processes.

Design/methodology/approach

Primary data were collected with the help of a structured questionnaire from 120 vegetable growers via a multistage sampling technique. The Heckman selection model was used to analyse the factors that influence farmers' willingness to adopt organic production as well as the intensity of adoption.

Findings

In this study, pepper (Capsicum spp) production, residential status, knowledge of organic certification processes, perceived negative environmental effect of conventional farming on the soil, and climate change positively influenced willingness to produce organic vegetables. Likewise, pepper production perceived negative environmental effect of conventional farming on the soil positively influenced the intensity of adoption. Household headship status, garden egg (Solanum integrifolium) production, perceived knowledge on grading and standards of vegetables, as well as the perception that only pesticides can be used to control vegetable pests negatively influenced the willingness to produce organic vegetables however perceived expertise of the farmer on grades and standards influenced intensity of adoption negatively.

Originality/value

In Ghana, even though most vegetable farmers do not have the requisite knowledge in the safe handling of pesticides, usage is widespread. Subsequent to this, is a health risk to farmers, consumers and the environment. As a result, there is a growing awareness that organic agriculture has a role to play in addressing problems associated with agrochemical use and over usage. However, most studies are consumer oriented with limited empirical research on the willingness to produce organics by farmers.

Peer review

The peer review history for this article is available at: https://publons.com/publon/10.1108/IJSE-12-2019-0723

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would also like to thank Mr. Benard Andoh and Mr. Amproche Amprofi, and staff of MOFA, Sunyani Regional office for their support during data collection.

Citation

Dapaah Opoku, P., Bannor, R.K. and Oppong-Kyeremeh, H. (2020), "Examining the willingness to produce organic vegetables in the Bono and Ahafo regions of Ghana", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 47 No. 5, pp. 619-641. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-12-2019-0723

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited