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Corporate social responsibility disclosure and banks' performance: the role of economic performance and institutional quality

Jasim AlAjmi (Ahlia University, Manama, Bahrain) (University of Washington, Tacoma, Washington, USA)
Amina Buallay (Ahlia University, Manama, Bahrain)
Shahrokh Saudagaran (University of Washington, Tacoma, Washington, USA)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 2 November 2022

Issue publication date: 27 February 2023




This study aims to examine the moderating role of a country's economic activities and institutional quality (IQ) on the relationship between corporate social responsibility disclosure (CSRD) and banks' operational, financial and market performance.


This study examines 245 banks from emerging markets for 13 years (2008–2020), yielding unbalanced panel of 1899 bank-year observations. The independent variable is CSRD. The dependent variables are return on asset (ROA), return on equity (ROE) and Tobin Q. The authors used ordinary least square (OLS), panel fixed-effect and instrumental variables-generalized method of moments (IV-GMM) to estimate the parameters of the models.


The authors find that the CSRD scores negatively influence banks’ performance. The moderator of CSRD and the level of economic activities have a positive relationship with banks' performance. However, the moderator (CSRD and IQ), while showing positive relationship with banks' performance, has a significant effect only on banks' operational and financial performance.


This study provides new evidence on the ways in which economic performance and IQ (IQ) influence the CSRD practices of banks in emerging markets.

Peer review

The peer review history for this article is available at



For the insightful criticism and recommendations, Prof James Connelly (editor) and the three reviewers are gratefully acknowledged by the authors. For any remaining errors, the authors are solely accountable.


AlAjmi, J., Buallay, A. and Saudagaran, S. (2023), "Corporate social responsibility disclosure and banks' performance: the role of economic performance and institutional quality", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 50 No. 3, pp. 359-376.



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