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Effect of social capital on youth self-employment in Holeta town, Ethiopia

Daniel Belay (Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 15 September 2022

Issue publication date: 3 February 2023




Social resources have gained considerable interest from scholars for their effect on youth's labor market outcomes. The available evidence indicates that social capital is a crucial factor in determining youth's labor force status. This paper examines the effect of social capital components on youth self-employment in Holeta town, Ethiopia.


Using youth survey data, principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted on social capital components datasets. This provided the construction of composite indicators for measuring social capital component, which are robust and exhibited construct validity. Following this, the effect of social capital component on youth self-employment was examined using Logit model.


The results show that institutional trust positively affects the likelihood of young people's decision to be self-employed.

Practical implications

The finding reveals a need to improve the transparency of the institutions' resource delivery, the competency of the institutions' workforce, communication, and information sharing of the institutions with the youth.


Looking at different social capital components simultaneously, the paper provides insight into the wide range of effects of social capital on youth self-employment.



Belay, D. (2023), "Effect of social capital on youth self-employment in Holeta town, Ethiopia", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 50 No. 2, pp. 210-226.



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