To read this content please select one of the options below:

Controlling corruption in African countries: innovation, financial inclusion and access to education as alternative measures

João Jungo (Department of Economics Management and Industrial Engineering, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal)
Mara Madaleno (Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal)
Anabela Botelho (Department of Economics Management and Industrial Engineering, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 5 January 2023

45

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the impact of financial inclusion and financial innovation on corruption, considering the moderating role of education, as well as identify the specific modality of digital inclusion and payments that contribute to corruption reduction.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses a representative sample consisting of 46 African countries in three different years 2011, 2014 and 2017. On the data, feasible generalized least squares (FGLS), instrumental variables – two stages least squares (IV-2SLS) and two-stage generalized method of moments (IV-2GMM) model estimation methods were employed.

Findings

The results suggest that financial inclusion and education significantly reduce corruption. As well, the interaction between financial inclusion and education reduces corruption. Additionally, the authors find that the expansion of bank credit and the use of credit and debit cards are the specific modes of financial inclusion and digital payments that can contribute to corruption reduction.

Research limitations/implications

This study awakens policymakers in African countries about the need to consider education as an alternative measure to support financial inclusion and reduce the use of physical cash in transactions for an effective fight against corruption.

Practical implications

Regarding practical implications, the study shows that financial inclusion besides reducing poverty for households can contribute to macroeconomic stability in Africa.

Originality/value

The study uses a representative sample composed of 46 African countries and considers the role of education in moderating the relationship between financial inclusion and financial innovation on corruption. Furthermore, the study identifies the specific modality of financial inclusion and digital payments that contribute to corruption reduction.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This work was financially supported by the research unit on Governance, Competitiveness and Public Policy (UIDB/04058/2020), funded by national funds through FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia.

Citation

Jungo, J., Madaleno, M. and Botelho, A. (2023), "Controlling corruption in African countries: innovation, financial inclusion and access to education as alternative measures", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-08-2022-0520

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles