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What restricts credit to women enterprises? Evidence from India’s informal sector

Prateeksha Maurya (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India)
Pratap Chandra Mohanty (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Publication date: 22 July 2019

Issue publication date: 14 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine the factors which affect the financial access of the female-owned informal enterprises (FOIEs) in India. There has been a dearth of studies particularly targeting determinants of credit access by the women-owned informal enterprises. Demand side factors affecting financial access have been studied. The study of major factors affecting access to credit by unorganized women enterprises will be useful for policy making perspectives.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses nationalized micro data set on the non-agricultural informal enterprises and probit estimation has been used to identify the factors which affect the probabilities of access to credit for the FOIEs.

Findings

The study highlights what facilitates and hinders the financial access for the FOIEs particularly in India. These enterprises in rural areas have better chances to avail credit from formal sources. Firm size, measured by policy-making size of employment and gross profit, involvement in diversified activities, maintenance of accounting record, has positive and significant impact on access to formal credit. The younger firms and the firms operating in the southern states of the country have higher probabilities to avail credit from institutional sources.

Originality/value

The study used the latest data set available on Indian informal enterprises, thus provides important insights about the status of financing of enterprises in India. This study highlights the regional variations and gender disparities that are prevalent in the Indian economy.

Keywords

Citation

Maurya, P. and Mohanty, P.C. (2019), "What restricts credit to women enterprises? Evidence from India’s informal sector", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 46 No. 7, pp. 920-937. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-08-2018-0422

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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