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Exploring antecedents of entrepreneurial intentions among females in an emerging economy

Jabir Ali (Economics and Business Environment, Indian Institute of Management Jammu , Jammu, India)
Sana Shabir (Business Studies, Central University of Kashmir , Ganderbal, India)
Ateeque Shaikh ( Indian Institute of Management Jammu , Jammu, India)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 7 April 2021

Issue publication date: 22 June 2021

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231

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims at identifying the antecedents of entrepreneurial intentions among females in India using the theory of planned behaviour.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on the Adult Population Survey (APS) of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), which has covered 1,683 female respondents from India. The data has been analysed using simple techniques such as chi-square statistics and logistics regression. The antecedents of entrepreneurial intentions have been identified using the theory of planned behaviour.

Findings

About 20% of the adult females have reported intention for starting an entrepreneurial venture in the country. A significant relationship emerged between the demographics of females with and without intention towards entrepreneurship. The results showed that there is a positive and significant effect of attitudes towards the behaviour, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control to the entrepreneurial intentions among females.

Practical implications

This paper provides insights on factors affecting entrepreneurial intention among females and helps in developing a policy framework for promoting new ventures among female entrepreneurs. This also explores the possibility of future research on entrepreneurial intention in the Indian context.

Originality/value

Considering the current focus of the government in India for promoting new ventures, this piece of research can be valuable for different stakeholders in adopting a gender-based approach in implementing inclusive entrepreneurial initiatives.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

We wish to express my gratitude to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) team for providing database support to undertake this research.

Citation

Ali, J., Shabir, S. and Shaikh, A. (2021), "Exploring antecedents of entrepreneurial intentions among females in an emerging economy", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 48 No. 7, pp. 1044-1059. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-07-2020-0488

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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