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Do market size and financial development indicators affect human capital of select south Asian economies?

Narayan Sethi (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India)
Bikash Ranjan Mishra (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India)
Padmaja Bhujabal (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 22 July 2019

Issue publication date: 14 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate whether market size and its growth rate, along with financial development indicators, affect human capital in selected south Asian economies over the time period from 1984 to 2015.

Design/methodology/approach

The stationarity of the variables are checked by LLC, IPS, ADF and Phillips–Perron panel unit-root tests. Pedroni’s and Kao’s panel co-integration approaches are employed to examine the long-run relationship among the variables. To estimate the coefficients of co-integrating vectors, both PDOLS and FMOLS techniques are used. The short-term and long-run causalities are examined by panel granger causality.

Findings

From the empirical results, the authors found that both the market size and financial development play an important role in the development of human capital in the selected south Asian economies. It is evident that a large market size and faster degree of financial development in the selected countries result in better human capital formation.

Originality/value

There are a number of studies on the impact of financial development indicators on human capital and economic growth, but there is hardly any study that considers market size and its growth rate along with financial development indicators with human capital in the context of south Asian economies. The study fills this research gap.

Keywords

Citation

Sethi, N., Mishra, B.R. and Bhujabal, P. (2019), "Do market size and financial development indicators affect human capital of select south Asian economies?", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 46 No. 7, pp. 887-903. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-07-2017-0288

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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