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Institutions and development in MENA region: evidence from the manufacturing sector

Mahmoud Arayssi (Department of Finance and Accounting, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon)
Ali Fakih (Department of Economics Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 10 August 2015




The purpose of this paper is to study the role of institutions (including civil law origin), financial deepening and degree of regime authority on growth rates in the Middle East and North Africa region.


This paper examines the implications of industrial firm-related and national factors for the determinants of economic growth using panel data through a fixed effect model.


The results reveal that English civil law origin and the establishment of the rule of law work with the development of financial institutions to increase economic growth in these economies; however, the democratization of the political institutions and foreign direct investment do not assist financial development in promoting economic growth.

Research limitations/implications

Data covered is limited to four years.

Social implications

The findings emphasize the prominence of overcoming institutional weaknesses and establishing transparent public policy governing businesses as a pre-requisite for successful universal integration in developing countries.


This paper contributes to the literature on the relationship between finance and economic growth in two aspects. First, the authors focus on the contribution of the institutional setting and its interaction with the financial development and how this affects economic growth of the manufacturing firms. Second, the authors explore the relationship between the role of institutions, governance, the country civil law origin and the economic growth.



Arayssi, M. and Fakih, A. (2015), "Institutions and development in MENA region: evidence from the manufacturing sector", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 42 No. 8, pp. 717-732.



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