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Exploration and prioritization of enablers to organization work–family balance planning for working sole Indian mothers integrating fuzzy Delphi and AHP

Jyoti Kushwaha (Kamla Raja Girls Government, Postgraduate (Autonomous) College, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, India)
Aparna Sharma (Vijyaraje Government Girls Postgraduate College, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, India)
Pankaj Singh (Institute of Business Management GLA University, Mathura, India)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 15 November 2022

Issue publication date: 27 February 2023




This study intends to identify, prioritize and rank the enablers for organizational work–family balance (WFB) planning specifically for working sole mothers by employing the fuzzy Delphi and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) method.


This paper utilizes the integrated methodology in two steps. Initially, a broad literature review and the fuzzy Delphi method have been utilized to recognize and validate the key WFB enablers. Afterward, the AHP approach has been applied to prioritize and detect the relative importance and rank of identified WFB enablers.


This paper has identified 9 WFB sub-enablers for working sole mothers under work, family and personal enablers. The work enablers obtain the first rank based on the highest importance weight followed by personal and family enablers. The findings indicate the top five sub-enablers: organizational work–family culture, work from arrangements, emotional intelligence, flexible work schedule and family support.

Research limitations/implications

The findings offer prioritized areas of concern to the human resource managers and administrators to manage these WFB enablers as per their priority in the direction to formulate the organizational WFB policy-planning specifically for sole mothers.

Social implications

The prioritized WFB enablers amongst working sole mothers may help sole mothers to manage their social, family and work-related roles in a more effective manner.


Based on the best of the authors' considerations, this study firstly incorporates the fuzzy Delphi-AHP method to prioritize and rank the WFB enablers to organizational WFB planning for sole mothers.



The authors would like to convey gratitude and appreciation to Professor James Connelly (Editor-in-Chief-International Journal of Social Economics), Dr. Patrick O'Halloran and anonymous reviewers for their support and cooperation in accomplishment of the paper.


Kushwaha, J., Sharma, A. and Singh, P. (2023), "Exploration and prioritization of enablers to organization work–family balance planning for working sole Indian mothers integrating fuzzy Delphi and AHP", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 50 No. 3, pp. 398-418.



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