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French non-profit organizations at the end of a lockdown: the relevance of differentiated policies

Guillaume Plaisance (IAE of Bordeaux, IRGO (EA 4190), University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 7 April 2023

Issue publication date: 17 October 2023




French non-profit organizations (NPOs) have undergone numerous health restrictions and lockdown measures in addition to the health issues raised by the Covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this article is then to question the relevance of support policies that have been homogeneous and poorly adapted to the sectors or the number of employees.


This study makes a diagnosis of French NPOs after the first lockdown. A survey conducted among NPO leaders obtained 12,248 answers.


Disparities according to the sector of activity, the presence or not of employees and the annual budget are to be noted. Differentiated policies and actions therefore seem indispensable.


This article discusses the ability of French NPOs to deal with the health crisis with the help of their partners and stakeholders.



The author wishes to thank Jacques Malet, Cécile Bazin and Marie Duros of Recherches & Solidarités for their kind provision of the Covid-19 survey database and their support in the research process undertaken on the basis of this survey.


Plaisance, G. (2023), "French non-profit organizations at the end of a lockdown: the relevance of differentiated policies", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 50 No. 10, pp. 1357-1374.



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