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Poverty status of rural households in Nigeria: a gendered perspective

Oyetola Folake Oyewunmi (Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria)
Oluwakemi Adeola Obayelu (Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 22 September 2022

Issue publication date: 3 February 2023

146

Abstract

Purpose

Poverty is endemic in rural Nigeria and gender disparity in access to productive resources is a major cause of poverty in the area. Poverty status of rural households along gender line was, therefore, investigated in this study.

Design/methodology/approach

Panel data from 2010/2011 (wave 1) and 2015/2016 (wave 3) of the Living Standard Measurement Survey (LSMS) for Nigeria were used for the study. Data were analysed using Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) poverty indices and binomial panel logistic model.

Findings

Poverty measures for women-led households in farming activities were 58.5, 27.8 and 17.1%; men-led farming households had 59.8, 27.4 and 16.3% gender-neutral had 56.8%, 27 and 16.9% in the first panel. Poverty indices increased in the women-led and men-led farming households in the second panel. Poverty incidence was higher amongst farming households than the non-farming counterparts. Correlates of poverty status differ amongst the gender-groups were household size, farming, tertiary education, access to credit and geographical locations.

Originality/value

Gender disparity is perceived in this study along the line of differences in gender composition of rural households. A gender-blind approach to poverty alleviation programmes likely will not enhance reduced poverty in rural Nigeria. Closing the gender poverty gap will ensure achievement of the first sustainable development goal of poverty eradication.

Keywords

Citation

Oyewunmi, O.F. and Obayelu, O.A. (2023), "Poverty status of rural households in Nigeria: a gendered perspective", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 50 No. 2, pp. 260-278. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-04-2020-0230

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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