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Segmenting female consumers: high-involvement personal services

Borut Milfelner (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia)
Tanja Vidergar Kikel (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia)
Damijan Mumel (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia)
Aleksandra Pisnik (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia)

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management

ISSN: 0959-0552

Article publication date: 8 May 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to measure attitudes towards cosmetic surgery services among women and to determine the potential segments of women according to their attitudes towards cosmetic surgery services and discover the main differences among them.

Design/methodology/approach

The research was implemented on a sample of 258 women in Slovenia. A quota sample was chosen for this research following the age characteristics of the Slovenian female population. The data collection method used was personal interviews. Convergent validity for the attitudes towards cosmetic surgery services was assessed with exploratory factor analysis. The segmentation analysis procedure was implemented in two phases. First, hierarchical clustering with Ward’s method was deployed, and in the second step K-means cluster analysis was used.

Findings

The results show that four clusters were clearly distinctive according to three dimensions, namely, intrapersonal, social and consider component. In further analysis, four segments of women were analysed regarding the fear of ageing, the importance of appearance, body image and self-esteem. Results show that all four segments are unique and distinguish one from another.

Practical implications

Through segmentation analysis, authors of this study indicate two segments (target groups) that are possibly interesting for providers of cosmetic services. Marketing communication activities should mainly be focussed on the woman’s appearance.

Originality/value

Based on a theoretical hypothesis and use a quantitative method, the aim of this paper is to provide a deeper analysis and understanding of attitudes and views of different woman profile regarding cosmetic surgeries. It presents a more structured view on differences that exist among segments of female consumers while also adding new insights into the factors that influence attitudes towards cosmetic procedures.

Keywords

Citation

Milfelner, B., Vidergar Kikel, T., Mumel, D. and Pisnik, A. (2017), "Segmenting female consumers: high-involvement personal services", International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, Vol. 45 No. 5, pp. 485-497. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJRDM-11-2016-0205

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited