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Branded retailer expansion on a continent-sized emerging market

Renata Maria Gomes (School of Business, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Jorge Carneiro (School of Business, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Luis Antonio Dib (COPPEAD Business School, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management

ISSN: 0959-0552

Article publication date: 23 October 2018

Issue publication date: 23 October 2018

845

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify patterns for the intra-market expansion of international branded retailers on a continent-sized emerging market using the network approach.

Design/methodology/approach

A multiple-case study design of four foreign branded retailers that have expanded onto regional markets in Brazil is used.

Findings

The intra-market expansion process shares similarities with the cross-market expansion process; is influenced by the relationships of foreign branded retailers with local competitors and shopping mall firms; and market selection, mode of operation and store location decisions are interrelated and conjointly taken, instead of forming a three-stage process. Additionally, the importance of relationships with host market shopping malls firms is highlighted.

Research limitations/implications

This paper advances a conceptual model of the intra-market expansion process, which comprises a system of interrelated decisions – (regional) market selection, mode of operation and store location – influenced by several network effects.

Practical implications

Managers of foreign branded retail suffer from liability of foreignness when undertaking intra-market expansion. Although Brazil is a large market, the retail community is highly connected because of managers’ personal relationships. Brazilian shopping malls dominate suitable store locations, and represent a valuable source of knowledge and resources for the foreign branded retailer.

Originality/value

This paper addresses two under-researched aspects of international retail: branded retailers – manufacturers that develop brands and operate stores – and intra-market expansion (i.e. to geographic regions of a given foreign country). It also discusses the challenges of intra-market expansion in continent-sized emerging markets, with considerable regional diversity (culture, infrastructure and institutions).

Keywords

Citation

Gomes, R.M., Carneiro, J. and Dib, L.A. (2018), "Branded retailer expansion on a continent-sized emerging market", International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, Vol. 46 No. 9, pp. 820-834. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJRDM-10-2017-0258

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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