Scoping review of the readiness for sustainable implementation of Lean Six Sigma projects in the manufacturing sector

Alireza Shokri (Faculty of Business and Law, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK)
Jiju Antony (Edinburgh Business School, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK)
Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes (Derby Management School, The University of Derby, Derby, UK)
Michelle Upton (The York Management School, University of York, York, UK)

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management

ISSN: 0265-671X

Publication date: 11 January 2021



This work presents a synthesis of current literature published from 2010 to provide an overall understanding of the sustainable implementation of Lean Six Sigma (LSS) projects in terms of project approaches rather than outcomes.


A comprehensive and validated ten-step model was applied to conduct a scoping review with the following three broad phases: “review planning”, “review execution” and “review reporting”.


The analysis shows that while a few geographically and methodologically broad research studies have been conducted on LSS and green manufacturing integration, no studies have examined organisational culture or conducted readiness assessments on the sustainable implementation of LSS projects in the manufacturing sector.

Research limitations/implications

The present study contributes to existing knowledge by describing the current state of research on green LSS integration. The study also identifies a lack of research on the deployment of sustainable LSS projects for manufacturers. Further empirical analyses that include case studies must be conducted to assess the negative environmental impacts of LSS projects.


This study serves as an initial call for practitioners and research scholars to favour the sustainable deployment of LSS projects in manufacturing alongside the use of traditional approaches with a focus on costs, quality and delivery.



This scoping review was carried out as part of our funded British Academy Small Grant project (Ref. SRG180254).


Shokri, A., Antony, J., Garza-Reyes, J.A. and Upton, M. (2021), "Scoping review of the readiness for sustainable implementation of Lean Six Sigma projects in the manufacturing sector", International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

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