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An artificial intelligent manufacturing process for high-quality low-cost production

Noha M. Hassan (Department of Industrial Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates)
Ameera Hamdan (Department of Industrial Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates)
Farah Shahin (Department of Industrial Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates)
Rowaida Abdelmaksoud (Department of Industrial Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates)
Thurya Bitar (Department of Industrial Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates)

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management

ISSN: 0265-671X

Article publication date: 12 December 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

To avoid the high cost of poor quality (COPQ), there is a constant need for minimizing the formation of defects during manufacturing through defect detection and process parameters optimization. This research aims to develop, design and test a smart system that detects defects, categorizes them and uses this knowledge to enhance the quality of subsequent parts.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed system integrates data collected from the deep learning module with the machine learning module to develop and improve two regression models. One determines if set process parameters would yield a defective product while the second model optimizes them. The deep learning model utilizes final product images to categorize the part as defective or not and determines the type of defect based on image analysis. The developed framework of the system was applied to the forging process to determine its feasibility during actual manufacturing.

Findings

Results reveal that implementation of such a smart process would lead to significant contributions in enhancing manufacturing processes through higher production rates of acceptable products and lower scrap rates or rework. The role of machine learning is evident due to numerous benefits which include improving the accuracy of the regression model prediction. This artificial intelligent system enhances itself by learning which process parameters could lead to a defective product and uses this knowledge to adjust the process parameters accordingly overriding any manual setting.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed system was applied only to the forging process but could be extended to other manufacturing processes.

Originality/value

This paper studies how an artificial intelligent (AI) system can be developed and used to enhance the yield of good products.

Keywords

Citation

Hassan, N.M., Hamdan, A., Shahin, F., Abdelmaksoud, R. and Bitar, T. (2022), "An artificial intelligent manufacturing process for high-quality low-cost production", International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJQRM-07-2022-0204

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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