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Critical success factors examined in ISO 9001:2008-certified Greek companies using multidimensional statistics

Vasileios Ismyrlis (Department of Marketing and Operations Research, University of Macedonia, Edessa, Greece)
Odysseas Moschidis (Department of Marketing and Operations Research, University of Macedonia, Edessa, Greece)
George Tsiotras (Department of Business Administration, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece)

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management

ISSN: 0265-671X

Article publication date: 2 February 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the level of the importance and implementation of the critical success factors (CSFs) required for the appropriate function of a quality management system (QMS) in ISO 9001:2008-certified companies and the differences between the CSFs and the demographic variables of the companies.

Design/methodology/approach

A research project was carried out in Greek companies from all business sectors using the questionnaire technique. The selected companies all implement a QMS in accordance with the ISO 9001:2008 standard. Correspondence analysis, a methodology from the multidimensional statistics field, was also used to identify significant differences between the importance and implementation levels of the CSFs of the QMS.

Findings

The importance that quality assurance managers attribute to these CSFs was high enough in most categories, but there was a significant difference in the implementation level, which displayed much lower scores. The most important factors seem to be management commitment, education, and communication, while the least important were the availability of data and use of statistics. Differences between categories of demographic variables were present only for the firm size variable.

Research limitations/implications

The study was based on the perception (i.e. subjective data) of only one quality manager/representative of each company.

Practical implications

The paper provides information to certified companies in Greece on the differences in the importance and implementation levels of quality management practices (especially for hard factors) and motivation to investigate possible causes. Moreover, the most important factors for the successful implementation of ISO 9001 are presented.

Originality/value

This paper describes the implementation and given importance of the CSFs in companies with experience of the ISO 9001:2008 standard and for the analysis of the data a methodology from the multidimensional field is applied, with the complementary use of some special tables of coincidences.

Keywords

Citation

Ismyrlis, V., Moschidis, O. and Tsiotras, G. (2015), "Critical success factors examined in ISO 9001:2008-certified Greek companies using multidimensional statistics", International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. 32 No. 2, pp. 114-131. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJQRM-07-2013-0117

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited