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Determinants of local public employee attitudes toward government innovation: Government 3.0 in Korea

Taewoo Nam (Graduate School of Governance, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, The Republic of Korea)

International Journal of Public Sector Management

ISSN: 0951-3558

Article publication date: 15 March 2019

Issue publication date: 1 May 2019




The purpose of this paper is to identify individual level perception-based determinants influencing participation in government innovation and to examine the moderating effect of innovation cynicism upon those determinants.


Focusing on the case of Government 3.0, a Korean National Government innovation initiative, this study analyzes survey data regarding local public employee perceptions of the initiative through ordered logistic regression.


Multiple theoretical correlates of perceived desirability, perceived efficacy, performance expectancy, facilitating leadership, peer influence and demonstrable symbols have positive influences on participation in Government 3.0. Surprisingly, cynics of government innovation reported more active participation in Government 3.0 than non-cynics. While cynicism negatively moderates the influence of perceived desirability, performance expectancy and peer influence on Government 3.0 participation, the expected negative moderating effect does not correspond with the influence of perceived efficacy on innovation participation.


The study highlights the importance of innovation cynics, who are probably neither skeptics nor pessimists regarding recent changes but rather are concerned about recurring rhetoric and poor performance of government innovation.



This study was supported by Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016S1A3A2924956).


Nam, T. (2019), "Determinants of local public employee attitudes toward government innovation: Government 3.0 in Korea", International Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 418-434.



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