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Organizational enablers of business process reengineering implementation: An empirical study on the service sector

Gharib Hashem (Faculty of Commerce, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Article publication date: 13 August 2019

Issue publication date: 17 January 2020



The purpose of this paper is to investigate the main organizational factors that contribute to the successful implementation of business process reengineering (BPR) in the Egyptian banking sector. These factors include management commitment, information technology (IT) infrastructure, people management, change readiness, centralization and formalization.


The key organizational enablers were identified through an extensive literature review. Then, statistical analysis was carried out based on data collected, using a questionnaire instrument, from 184 managers employed in 38 banks operating in Egypt.


The results of the study indicate that management commitment, IT infrastructure, people management, change readiness and organizational structure with a low degree of formalization are critical enablers for implementing a successful BPR program within the Egyptian banking sector.

Practical implications

The results may support managers of banks in identifying and assessing the influence of integrating organizational factors that facilitate or hinder the successful implementation of BPR.


Since 2004, the Egyptian banking system has involved in major reform programs and many BPR efforts. Much research effort is required to investigate the BPR projects within the Egyptian banks in order to develop a concrete base of knowledge and understanding of the nature of BPR and factors that support its successful implementation. Moreover, there is an insufficiency of empirical studies regarding the implementation of BPR within the Egyptian service sector. The current study fills this gap by exploring and examining the main organizational factors affecting BPR implementation in a developing country.



Hashem, G. (2020), "Organizational enablers of business process reengineering implementation: An empirical study on the service sector", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 69 No. 2, pp. 321-343.



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