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Financial efficiency of commercial banks listed in Egyptian stock exchange using data envelopment analysis

Mahmoud Abdelrahman Kamel (Department of Management, Faculty of Commerce, Benha University, Benha, Egypt)
Mohamed El-Sayed Mousa (Department of Management, Faculty of Commerce, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt)
Randa Mohamed Hamdy (Department of Management, Faculty of Commerce, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Article publication date: 28 May 2021

385

Abstract

Purpose

This study used data envelopment analysis (DEA) models to measure financial efficiency of twelve commercial banks listed in the Egyptian stock exchange (CBLSE), along with evaluating changes to the financial efficiency during the period 2017–2019.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used BCC-I, cross-efficiency, super-efficiency models, and Malmquist productivity index (MPI) to assess financial efficiency of the examined banks. The available data from both inputs and outputs were analyzed using R. studio V.I.3. 1056 software.

Findings

Out of twelve banks examined, only four banks were efficient under BCC-I model over different years of the study period; however, only one bank (CIB) appeared to be the most efficient compared to other peers in the study sample. Moreover, MPI results revealed decreased financial efficiency during the study period, due to the decreased technological innovation, except for HDB. Tobit regression results confirmed that total assets and total equity are significant factors impacted financial efficiency of CBLSE.

Practical implications

This study sheds light on the importance of evaluating financial efficiency of CBLSE to all stakeholders, to pinpoint weaknesses in banks' performance, and for evaluating financial policies and investment decisions.

Originality/value

Several studies sought to implement different models of DEA to assess banking performance in different regions of the world, but very few studies examined financial efficiency of banks. To the best of authors’ knowledge, this study is one of those few that addressed financial efficiency of banks in Egypt.

Keywords

Citation

Kamel, M.A., Mousa, M.E.-S. and Hamdy, R.M. (2021), "Financial efficiency of commercial banks listed in Egyptian stock exchange using data envelopment analysis", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-10-2020-0531

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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