Linkage between performance and sustainability initiatives in banking sector–An empirical examination
International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management
Article publication date: 29 June 2021
Issue publication date: 2 January 2023
This research study examines the impact of social and governance initiatives on financial performance of global banks. The study is significant in the context of massive changes in regulations, government policy, social attitudes and market development attributed to banking sector.
The source of data for this study was ESG database of Thomson Reuters. The study was based on 472 global banks. The research paper uses two-stage least square model and the study covered the five-year period 2015–2019.
Banks with high intensity of social and governance-related activities have positive market-based valuation effects. Adequately capitalized banks tend to invest more in social initiatives. Banks' governance initiatives directed toward the use of anti-takeover defensive mechanisms are skeptically perceived by markets. Riskier banks tend to have less investments in social initiatives.
The findings are relevant in the context of expectations from policymakers, consumers and investors with respect to the role which banks ought to play in funding the development of a sustainable economy. The research finding that strong governance and social initiatives by banks are value-enhancing measures is a clear evidence of the significance of ESG initiatives as value-creating mechanisms as perceived by markets.
This study addresses the gap in the research, which examines the role of governance and social initiatives on value creation in the banking sector firms. The study examines the impact of different elements of governance and social initiatives on financial performance of banks.
The authors thank the reviewers for the valuable suggestions to improve the paper.
Bhaskaran, R.K., Sujit, K.S. and Mongia, S. (2023), "Linkage between performance and sustainability initiatives in banking sector–An empirical examination", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 72 No. 1, pp. 200-225. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-07-2020-0385
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