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Transfer mechanisms for lean implementation with OHS integration in the garment industry

Abu Hamja (Department of Materials and Production, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark)
Peter Hasle (Department of Technology and Innovation, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark)
David Hansen (Department of Materials and Production, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Article publication date: 28 May 2021

199

Abstract

Purpose

Lean manufacturing has the potential for simultaneously improving the competitiveness and the social sustainability of the apparel industry in developing countries. However, there is limited research on the ways to a successful lean implementation in developing countries and with an emphasis on occupational health and safety (OHS) improvement.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper investigates four cases of lean implementation in garment factories and uses the design science research strategy, building on the context-intervention-mechanism-outcome (CIMO) framework to identify explanatory mechanisms that can be used for designing future action.

Findings

The study identifies tangible mechanisms that can lead to successful lean implementation. The most important mechanisms relate to practical top management support, worker involvement, application of lean tools and training.

Practical implications

The findings of this study can guide better lean implementation for the many garment factories in developing countries.

Originality/value

While the lean literature provides general recommendations for lean implementation, knowledge about the transfer mechanisms in developing countries as well as the connections between lean and OHS is limited. This paper contributes to lean implementation theory and to the discourse of positive lean by integrating efficiency and working conditions. In addition, the paper identifies transfer mechanisms for lean implementation in the garment industry in a developing country.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by the DANIDA, Denmark under grant 14-07AAU.

Citation

Hamja, A., Hasle, P. and Hansen, D. (2021), "Transfer mechanisms for lean implementation with OHS integration in the garment industry", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-06-2020-0314

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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