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Employee engagement and job performance in Lebanon: the mediating role of creativity

Hussein Nabil Ismail (Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon)
Adnan Iqbal (Whitireia New Zealand – Auckland Campus, Auckland City, New Zealand)
Lina Nasr (Unilever, Beirut, Lebanon)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Article publication date: 4 January 2019

Issue publication date: 19 February 2019

3636

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between employee engagement and job performance in the country of Lebanon, and to test whether creativity mediates the relationship between engagement and performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The research sample consisted of 186 respondents working in Lebanese firms. The questionnaire included established measures relating to employee engagement, job performance and creativity – in addition to various demographic questions. Stepwise multiple regression and bootstrapping methods were employed in the analysis of the data.

Findings

The findings showed a significant positive effect of employee engagement on job performance. However, mediation analysis using bootstrapping methods has shown that creativity has fully mediated the relationship between engagement and performance.

Originality/value

The study extends previous research and increases the external validity of the findings by investigating the relationship between engagement and performance in new non-western contexts. Moreover, this is one of the first research studies that explores the role of creativity in the relationship between the two variables; this helps in improving our understanding of the model and aids in enhancing the effect of engagement on performance.

Keywords

Citation

Ismail, H.N., Iqbal, A. and Nasr, L. (2019), "Employee engagement and job performance in Lebanon: the mediating role of creativity", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 68 No. 3, pp. 506-523. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-02-2018-0052

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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