The mediating effect of intellectual capital, management accounting information systems, internal process performance, and customer performance

Hariyati (Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Bambang Tjahjadi (Faculty of Economics and Business, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Noorlailie Soewarno (Faculty of Economics and Business, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Publication date: 19 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the mediating effect of intellectual capital (IC), management accounting information systems, internal process performance and customer performance (CP) on the relationship of strategies with financial performance (FP).

Design/methodology/approach

The population in this research was medium and large manufacturing company business units in Java. The business unit as the unit of analysis in this research is part of the organization that: is responsible for the production and marketing of a product or set of products; is formed by product type; has its own competitors which are different from competitors of other business units or divisions within a parent company; and has a manager who is responsible and has authority over the planning and implementation of strategies to achieve the specified profit target.

Findings

An innovation strategy that includes product innovation, process innovation and technology has an impact on FP if there is a good internal process performance, reliable management accounting information system and good CP. The internal process performance, which includes operations management processes, customer management processes, innovation processes and regulatory and social processes, optimizes the relationship of the strategy with FP. In this study, IC does not affect CP and internal process performance, nor does the management accounting information system affect FP. However, information systems affect FP through internal process performance and CP.

Originality/value

The originalities of this study are: the use of the continuous innovation strategy in an integrated manner between product innovation and process and information technology – this has never been conducted by other researchers, especially in Indonesia; the use of IC, management accounting information systems, internal process performance and CP as mediating variables; the use of an integrative approach by including variables of IC, management accounting information systems and non-FP as contextual variables related to contingency approaches that have never been conducted in previous research; the modeling of new related concepts with the one developed in the balanced scorecard; and using single mediating and multiple mediating on the influence of sustainable innovation strategies on FP.

Keywords

Citation

Hariyati, H., Tjahjadi, B. and Soewarno, N. (2019), "The mediating effect of intellectual capital, management accounting information systems, internal process performance, and customer performance", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-02-2018-0049

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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