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A relatedness-based model of transformational leadership: a case study of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and 1960s East Bengal

Bobby Hajjaj (North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

International Journal of Public Leadership

ISSN: 2056-4929

Article publication date: 1 May 2023

Issue publication date: 24 May 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

Recent academic work on leadership has focused largely on organizational leadership. This study takes a close look at political leadership, especially that given to popular movements, and delineates a new model of transformational leadership.

Design/methodology/approach

The current study borrows models from organizational leadership research and applies them to a specific case study to reveal critical concepts underlying transformational leadership. Application of these models to Bangladesh's founding father, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, during the two decades of the 1950 and 1960s, shows potential for a new flexible framework for transformational leadership with added significance on leader–follower relatedness, socio-historical context and charisma.

Findings

This study presents clear evidence on the nature of leadership in popular movements and using a specific case study elucidates that movements pick leaders who meet distinct criteria specific to the movement, including a vision that resounds with key follower-groups and prototypicality.

Research limitations/implications

This study presents a new lens under which political and popular leadership can be studied, focusing away from person, political party or rational choice and voting behavior-based ideas of political leadership.

Originality/value

The findings reveal the importance of seeking new ways to fit leadership theory with burgeoning social phenomenon.

Keywords

Citation

Hajjaj, B. (2023), "A relatedness-based model of transformational leadership: a case study of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and 1960s East Bengal", International Journal of Public Leadership, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 158-172. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPL-10-2022-0056

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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