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The empirical relationship between transformational leadership and job attitudes: mediating role of psychological capital – a study of healthcare in India

Tanveer Ahmad Shah (Department of Management Studies South Campus, University of Kashmir, Anantnag, India)
Zahoor Ahmad Parray (Department of Management Studies South Campus, University of Kashmir, Anantnag, India)
Shahbaz ul Islam (Department of Management Studies South Campus, University of Kashmir, Anantnag, India)

International Journal of Public Leadership

ISSN: 2056-4929

Article publication date: 17 January 2023

Issue publication date: 9 March 2023

929

Abstract

Purpose

The goal of this research is to investigate the association between transformational leadership style, psychological capital and job attitude (job satisfaction and organization commitment). Transformational leadership's effects on these job attitudes were also analysed in terms of the mediating effects of psychological capital.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors received 296 authentic questionnaires from the para-medical staff working in different public and private healthcare institutes in Jammu and Kashmir, India, and these were then analysed by using SEM with SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 19.

Findings

Results implied that transformational leadership increased the levels of employees' job attitudes. The results further displayed that transformational leadership and psychological capital in the workplace are positively associated. The results also showed that psychological capital was positively linked with job attitudes. Moreover, psychological capital serves as a mediating construct between transformational leadership and job attitudes.

Practical implications

The outcomes of this research will help in comprehending the significance of transformational leadership and psychological capital. Further, these research findings affirm the effectiveness of transformational leadership and psychological capital in forecasting positive job attitudes in the Indian work context. The administrators and policymakers in the healthcare sector can implement these concepts to reduce negative job outcomes.

Originality/value

This study expanded on Deci et al.’s (2017) existing self-determination theory model by incorporating leadership style and psychological capital as workplace context and autonomous intrinsic factors, respectively, into the self-determination theory model to study work behaviours of job satisfaction and commitment. This study contributes to existing self-determination theory knowledge by proposing and testing psychological capital as a mechanism for determining the effect of transformational leadership on job attitudes (job satisfaction and organizational commitment).

Keywords

Citation

Shah, T.A., Parray, Z.A. and Islam, S.u. (2023), "The empirical relationship between transformational leadership and job attitudes: mediating role of psychological capital – a study of healthcare in India", International Journal of Public Leadership, Vol. 19 No. 1, pp. 45-63. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPL-07-2022-0042

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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