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Leader behaviour to achieve employee engagement in Ghana: a qualitative study

Theresa Obuobisa-Darko (Department of Public Administration and Health Services Management, University of Ghana Business School, Accra, Ghana)
Kwame Ameyaw Domfeh (Department of Public Administration and Health Services Management, University of Ghana Business School, Accra, Ghana)

International Journal of Public Leadership

ISSN: 2056-4929

Article publication date: 20 September 2018

Issue publication date: 21 February 2019

651

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the behaviour of leaders that enhances employee engagement (EE) in organisations. It locates the importance of EE and the role leaders play within the public sector in a developing country and finds answer to the question on the behaviour of the leader that causes employees to be engaged.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses qualitative method to identify the behaviour of leaders that causes and enhances employees to be engaged. It proposes a framework outlining what the leader does to ensure EE.

Findings

Based on results of data analysed, six behaviours of leaders were identified: seeking employee welfare and caring; openness and information flow; conscientiousness; good and cordial relationship; fairness and trust and lastly involvement in decision making.

Research limitations/implications

Limitation of the study was that it did not focus on the entire public sector but was carried out in only one company. It is therefore recommended that further studies could be carried out with focus on other public sector organisations to confirm the leader behaviour identified. Again, a comparative study between public and private sector organisations could be carried out to ascertain if there are differences in the behaviour of the leaders that cause employees to be engaged in these two different sectors.

Practical implications

The study develops a framework outlining behaviour which leaders within organisations could exhibit to enhance EE and thus organisational success.

Originality/value

The paper provides a framework that shows leader behaviour that causes EE in organisations in a developing country. This framework will be helpful to leaders in organisations to behave in specific ways to enhance EE and for researchers who want to conduct research in this field of study.

Keywords

Citation

Obuobisa-Darko, T. and Domfeh, K.A. (2019), "Leader behaviour to achieve employee engagement in Ghana: a qualitative study", International Journal of Public Leadership, Vol. 15 No. 1, pp. 19-37. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPL-04-2018-0018

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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