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Global offshoring portfolio diversity and performance implications

Nidthida Lin (Newcastle Business School, University of Newcastle, Australia)
Hao Tan (Newcastle Business School, University of Newcastle, Australia)
Stephen Chen (Newcastle Business School, University of Newcastle, Australia)

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management

ISSN: 0960-0035

Article publication date: 6 March 2017

973

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how three key dimensions of a firm’s offshoring portfolio – location diversity, functional diversity and governance mode – affect the financial and innovation outcomes of offshoring.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors investigate the relationships between the diversity of a firm’s offshoring portfolio and its offshoring outcomes using a sample of US, European and Asia Pacific firms engaging in offshoring activities.

Findings

The authors found that: location diversity shows a significant “flipped S-shape” relationship with innovation outcomes, but has a negative impact on financial outcomes, functional diversity has a significant and positive effect on innovation outcome and the use of an outsourcing governance mode significantly moderates these relationships, such that the degree of offshore outsourcing weakens some of these effects.

Originality/value

The authors conclude that firms which strategically coordinate all three dimensions of their offshoring portfolio are more likely to achieve better innovation or financial outcomes from their use of offshoring in global supply chain and sourcing.

Keywords

Citation

Lin, N., Tan, H. and Chen, S. (2017), "Global offshoring portfolio diversity and performance implications", International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 47 No. 2/3, pp. 114-136. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPDLM-09-2015-0230

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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