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5G heterogeneous network (HetNets): a self-optimization technique for vertical handover management

Kotaru Kiran (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur, India)
Rajeswara Rao D. (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur, India)

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications

ISSN: 1742-7371

Article publication date: 7 May 2021

100

Abstract

Purpose

Vertical handover has been grown rapidly due to the mobility model improvements. These improvements are limited to certain circumstances and do not provide the support in the generic mobility, but offering vertical handover management in HetNets is very crucial and challenging. Therefore, this paper presents a vertical handoff management method using the effective network identification method.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents a vertical handoff management method using the effective network identification method. The handover triggering schemes are initially modeled to find the suitable position for starting handover using computed coverage area of the WLAN access point or cellular base station. Consequently, inappropriate networks are removed to determine the optimal network for performing the handover process. Accordingly, the network identification approach is introduced based on an adaptive particle-based Sailfish optimizer (APBSO). The APBSO is newly designed by incorporating self-adaptive particle swarm optimization (APSO) in Sailfish optimizer (SFO) and hence, modifying the update rule of the APBSO algorithm based on the location of the solutions in the past iterations. Also, the proposed APBSO is utilized for training deep-stacked autoencoder to choose the optimal weights. Several parameters, like end to end (E2E) delay, jitter, signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR), packet loss, handover probability (HOP) are considered to find the best network.

Findings

The developed APBSO-based deep stacked autoencoder outperformed than other methods with a minimal delay of 11.37 ms, minimal HOP of 0.312, maximal stay time of 7.793 s and maximal throughput of 12.726 Mbps, respectively.

Originality/value

The network identification approach is introduced based on an APBSO. The APBSO is newly designed by incorporating self-APSO in SFO and hence, modifying the update rule of the APBSO algorithm based on the location of the solutions in the past iterations. Also, the proposed APBSO is used for training deep-stacked autoencoder to choose the optimal weights. Several parameters, like E2E delay, jitter, SINR, packet loss and HOP are considered to find the best network. The developed APBSO-based deep stacked autoencoder outperformed than other methods with minimal delay minimal HOP, maximal stay time and maximal throughput.

Keywords

Citation

Kiran, K. and D., R.R. (2021), "5G heterogeneous network (HetNets): a self-optimization technique for vertical handover management", International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPCC-10-2020-0158

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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