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Cooperative optimization techniques in distributed MAC protocols – a survey

Radha Subramanyam (Department of ECE, Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, India)
Y. Adline Jancy (Department of ECE, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, India)
P. Nagabushanam (Department of EEE, VNR Vignana Jyothi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India)

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications

ISSN: 1742-7371

Article publication date: 11 October 2023

Issue publication date: 20 March 2024

71

Abstract

Purpose

Cross-layer approach in media access control (MAC) layer will address interference and jamming problems. Hybrid distributed MAC can be used for simultaneous voice, data transmissions in wireless sensor network (WSN) and Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Choosing the correct objective function in Nash equilibrium for game theory will address fairness index and resource allocation to the nodes. Game theory optimization for distributed may increase the network performance. The purpose of this study is to survey the various operations that can be carried out using distributive and adaptive MAC protocol. Hill climbing distributed MAC does not need a central coordination system and location-based transmission with neighbor awareness reduces transmission power.

Design/methodology/approach

Distributed MAC in wireless networks is used to address the challenges like network lifetime, reduced energy consumption and for improving delay performance. In this paper, a survey is made on various cooperative communications in MAC protocols, optimization techniques used to improve MAC performance in various applications and mathematical approaches involved in game theory optimization for MAC protocol.

Findings

Spatial reuse of channel improved by 3%–29%, and multichannel improves throughput by 8% using distributed MAC protocol. Nash equilibrium is found to perform well, which focuses on energy utility in the network by individual players. Fuzzy logic improves channel selection by 17% and secondary users’ involvement by 8%. Cross-layer approach in MAC layer will address interference and jamming problems. Hybrid distributed MAC can be used for simultaneous voice, data transmissions in WSN and IoT applications. Cross-layer and cooperative communication give energy savings of 27% and reduces hop distance by 4.7%. Choosing the correct objective function in Nash equilibrium for game theory will address fairness index and resource allocation to the nodes.

Research limitations/implications

Other optimization techniques can be applied for WSN to analyze the performance.

Practical implications

Game theory optimization for distributed may increase the network performance. Optimal cuckoo search improves throughput by 90% and reduces delay by 91%. Stochastic approaches detect 80% attacks even in 90% malicious nodes.

Social implications

Channel allocations in centralized or static manner must be based on traffic demands whether dynamic traffic or fluctuated traffic. Usage of multimedia devices also increased which in turn increased the demand for high throughput. Cochannel interference keep on changing or mitigations occur which can be handled by proper resource allocations. Network survival is by efficient usage of valid patis in the network by avoiding transmission failures and time slots’ effective usage.

Originality/value

Literature survey is carried out to find the methods which give better performance.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors thank CBIT, VNR VJIET and SREC for providing them the facilities to carry out this research work.

Conflicts of interest: None.

Citation

Subramanyam, R., Jancy, Y.A. and Nagabushanam, P. (2024), "Cooperative optimization techniques in distributed MAC protocols – a survey", International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 285-307. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPCC-07-2022-0256

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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