To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Energy efficient clustering for wireless sensor networks

Zibouda Aliouat (Department of Computer Science, Ferhat Abbas Sétif University, Setif, Algeria)
Saad Harous (Faculty of Information Technology, United Arab Emirates University Al Ain, United Arab Emirates)

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications

ISSN: 1742-7371

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

Downloads
216

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to design a hierarchical routing protocol. Wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of a set of miniature sensor nodes powered by a low-capacity energy battery. This limitation requires that energy is used in an efficient way and kept as long as possible to allow the WSN to accomplish its mission. Thus, energy conservation is a very important problem facing researchers in this context. Because sending and receiving messages is the activity that consumes the most energy in a WSN, so when designing routing protocols, this problem is targeted specifically. The aim of this paper is to propose a solution to this problem by designing a hierarchical routing protocol.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors started by designing a protocol called efficient energy-aware distributed clustering (EEADC). Simulation result showed EEADC might generate clusters with very small or very large size. To solve this problem, the authors designed a new algorithm called fixed efficient energy-aware distributed clustering (FEEADC). They concluded from the simulation result that cluster-heads (CHs) far away from the base station die faster than the ones closer to it. To remedy this problem, they propose multi-hop fixed efficient energy-aware distributed clustering (M-FEEADC). It is based on a new fixed clustering mechanism, which aims to create a balanced distribution of CHs. It uses data aggregation and sleep/wakeup techniques.

Findings

The simulation results show a significant improvement in terms of energy consumption and network lifetime over the well-known low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy and threshold-sensitive energy-efficient protocols.

Originality/value

The authors propose M-FEEADC. It is based on a new fixed clustering mechanism, which aims to create a balanced distribution of CHs. It uses data aggregation and sleep/wakeup techniques.

Keywords

Citation

Aliouat, Z. and Harous, S. (2014), "Energy efficient clustering for wireless sensor networks", International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 469-480. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPCC-05-2014-0033

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited