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Heterogeneous transfer learning for activity recognition using heuristic search techniques

Kyle Dillon Feuz (Department of Computer Science, Weber State University, Ogden, Utah, USA)
Diane J. Cook (School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA)

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications

ISSN: 1742-7371

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study heterogeneous transfer learning for activity recognition using heuristic search techniques. Many pervasive computing applications require information about the activities currently being performed, but activity recognition algorithms typically require substantial amounts of labeled training data for each setting. One solution to this problem is to leverage transfer learning techniques to reuse available labeled data in new situations.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper introduces three novel heterogeneous transfer learning techniques that reverse the typical transfer model and map the target feature space to the source feature space and apply them to activity recognition in a smart apartment. This paper evaluates the techniques on data from 18 different smart apartments located in an assisted-care facility and compares the results against several baselines.

Findings

The three transfer learning techniques are all able to outperform the baseline comparisons in several situations. Furthermore, the techniques are successfully used in an ensemble approach to achieve even higher levels of accuracy.

Originality/value

The techniques in this paper represent a considerable step forward in heterogeneous transfer learning by removing the need to rely on instance – instance or feature – feature co-occurrence data.

Keywords

Citation

Dillon Feuz, K. and J. Cook, D. (2014), "Heterogeneous transfer learning for activity recognition using heuristic search techniques", International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 393-418. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPCC-03-2014-0020

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited