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The different impact of personal social capital and intra-organizational SC: The Enron case study

Batia Ben-Hador (Department of Economics and Business Administration, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel)
Eyal Eckhaus (Department of Economics and Business Administration, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel)

International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior

ISSN: 1093-4537

Article publication date: 12 March 2018

Abstract

Purpose

This study relates to two levels of organization social capital (SC): personal SC and intra-organizational SC. Personal SC is the utility derived from the person’s relationship, and his positioning in networks, inside and out of the organization. Intra-organizational SC is the benefit derived from interactions within, and between groups in the organization, and is based on trust, reciprocity, common goals, sharing information and knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to examine the difference between the SC levels by their connections to employee energy and success, before and after crisis.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to test the hypotheses, the authors used the Enron e-mails corpus, the texts were analyzed using SQL.

Findings

The findings suggest that the impact of personal SC and intra-organizational SC, on employee energy and success is different. Personal SC was found to have a higher impact on those two variables, than intra-organizational SC. After crisis, this gap became larger.

Originality/value

The importance of the findings is in the distinction between the SC levels, and their different impact on the employees. However, the situation of Enron employees at that time implies that the more important level of SC is the intra-organizational SC.

Keywords

Citation

Ben-Hador, B. and Eckhaus, E. (2018), "The different impact of personal social capital and intra-organizational SC: The Enron case study", International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, Vol. 21 No. 1, pp. 28-47. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOTB-03-2018-004

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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