To read this content please select one of the options below:

How does intellectual capital affect product innovation performance? Evidence from China and India

Min Zhang (Norwich Business School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK)
Yinan Qi (Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China)
Zhiqiang Wang (School of Business Administration, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China)
Kulwant S. Pawar (Centre for Concurrent Enterprise, Nottingham University Business School, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK) (Nottingham University Business School China, The University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo, China)
Xiande Zhao (China Europe International Business School, Shanghai, China)

International Journal of Operations & Production Management

ISSN: 0144-3577

Article publication date: 20 February 2018

Issue publication date: 12 March 2018

1671

Abstract

Purpose

Intellectual capital reflects the sum of existing knowledge a manufacturer is able to leverage and plays a critical role in new product development. The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the mechanisms through which intellectual capital enhances product innovation performance and how economic and institutional environments affect the mechanisms.

Design/methodology/approach

Using a knowledge-based view and institutional theory, this study proposes a model on the relationships among intellectual capital, supplier knowledge integration, supply chain adaptability, and product innovation performance. The hypotheses are empirically tested using multiple group structural equation modelling and data collected from 300 Chinese and 200 Indian manufacturers.

Findings

The authors find that intellectual capital improves product innovation performance both directly and indirectly through supplier knowledge integration. However, the effects are different in China and India. In particular, the direct effect of intellectual capital on product innovation performance is significantly higher in China than that in India, and intellectual capital improves product innovation performance indirectly through supplier knowledge integration only in India. The authors also find that supplier knowledge integration improves product innovation performance indirectly through supply chain adaptability in both China and India.

Originality/value

Using a moderated mediation model, this study provides insights into the joint effects of intellectual capital, supplier knowledge integration, and supply chain adaptability on product innovation performance. The findings enhance current understandings of how supply chain management helps a manufacturer develop new products using existing knowledge and the influences of economic and institutional environments on knowledge and supply chain management.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (#71420107024, #71473087), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, SCUT (#XZD03).

Citation

Zhang, M., Qi, Y., Wang, Z., Pawar, K.S. and Zhao, X. (2018), "How does intellectual capital affect product innovation performance? Evidence from China and India", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 38 No. 3, pp. 895-914. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOPM-10-2016-0612

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles