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Supply chain resilience: the whole is not the sum of the parts

Marcelo Martins de (Department of Operations Management, Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Sao Paulo, Brazil)
Priscila Laczynski de Souza Miguel (Department of Operations Management, Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Sao Paulo, Brazil)
Renata Peregrino de Brito (IAG Business School, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Susana Carla Farias Pereira (Department of Operations Management, Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Sao Paulo, Brazil)

International Journal of Operations & Production Management

ISSN: 0144-3577

Article publication date: 3 June 2019

3981

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how resilience at different nodes in the supply chain influences overall supply chain resilience (SCRES) during an extreme weather event.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on 41 in-depth interviews, this qualitative study examines two Brazilian agri-food supply chains (AFSC). The interviews explored the impacts, preparedness, response and adaptation strategies adopted by farmers, processors and manufacturers during Brazil’s extreme drought of 2014–2015.

Findings

SCRES does not depend on all organizations in the supply chain but rather on the company able to reconfigure the resources to control for the disruption. In a supply chain with low interdependence among players, individual firm resilience elements might be preferable to interorganizational ones.

Research limitations/implications

This study is based on the context of AFSCs with low interdependence among players and during the experience of a climatic event. The results might not be generalizable to other sectors and phenomena.

Practical implications

Firms must evaluate their positions in supply chains and their interfirm relationships to determine which resilience strategy to invest in and rely on. Moreover, to leverage resilience at the supply chain level, firms must intensify information sharing and improve proactive resilience strategies upstream as well as downstream in the supply chain.

Originality/value

This study presents a broader perspective of resilience by comparing resilience elements at both the node and supply chain levels and by discussing their interactions and trade-offs.

Keywords

Citation

Sá, M.M.d., Miguel, P.L.d.S., Brito, R.P.d. and Pereira, S.C.F. (2020), "Supply chain resilience: the whole is not the sum of the parts", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 40 No. 1, pp. 92-115. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOPM-09-2017-0510

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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