Employees’ attitude towards Islamic banking: measurement development and validation

Syed Ahmad Ali (Department of Business Administration, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Arif Hassan (Department of Business Administration, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Nurita Juhdi (Department of Business Administration, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Siti Salwani Razali (Department of Business Administration, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

International Journal of Ethics and Systems

ISSN: 2514-9369

Publication date: 12 February 2018

Abstract

Purpose

Despite widespread acceptance and exponential growth of Islamic banking across many countries, research indicates some critical issues that can potentially downturn this industry. Literature suggests that like other stakeholders such as customers, some employees too have ambivalent attitude towards its concept and practices. This calls for an empirical assessment. As no such comprehensive instrument was available, this study aims to develop a scale measuring employees' attitude towards Islamic banking.

Design/methodology/approach

This scale development process begins with literature review pertinent to employees’ perspective in Islamic banking, followed by a series of steps critical to achieve robustness and to ensure validity and reliability of the instrument. Research methods include a detailed set of qualitative interviews, content validation, pilot testing and exploratory factor analysis with subsequent confirmatory factor analysis.

Findings

The final scale embodies five orthogonal dimensions: awareness of Islamic banking, usefulness of Islamic banking, perception of Shariah compliance, patronage towards Islamic banking and attractiveness towards Islamic banking.

Research limitations/implications

This instrument may be used both by research scholars and practicing managers to measure employees’ attitude towards Islamic banking system and practices. It may also serve as a diagnostic tool to identify the areas of strength and weaknesses in the Islamic banking system as perceived by the employees themselves.

Originality/value

An instrument to measure employees’ attitude towards Islamic banking system is much needed as no such comprehensive instrument is available to the best of authors’ knowledge. The study attempts to fulfil this need.

Keywords

Citation

Ali, S., Hassan, A., Juhdi, N. and Razali, S. (2018), "Employees’ attitude towards Islamic banking: measurement development and validation", International Journal of Ethics and Systems, Vol. 34 No. 1, pp. 78-100. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOES-05-2017-0070

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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