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Strengthening divine values for self-regulation in religiosity: insights from Tawakkul (trust in God)

Miftachul Huda (Universiti Malaysia Pahang and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia)
Ajat Sudrajat (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Razaleigh Muhamat (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia)
Kamarul Shukri Mat Teh (Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu, Malaysia)
Burhanuddin Jalal (Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

International Journal of Ethics and Systems

ISSN: 2514-9369

Publication date: 12 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Reflections about fostering moral and spiritual qualities are the key point of view when considering the essence of religious beliefs in the theories about moral foundations. As a part of the spiritual values aimed at instructing human beings, mainly Muslims, tawakkul (trust in God) and tawhid (belief to God) are to be enhanced to situate the core religious foundation as the basic element for life at individual and social levels in the Muslim communities. This paper aims to critically examine tawakkul and tawhid to strengthening divine values as a foundation of self-regulation in religiosity.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper aims to critically examine tawakkul and tawhid to strengthening divine values as a foundation of self-regulation in religiosity. The literature review from referred journals was conducted using keywords on divine values, self-regulation in religiosity and tawakkul and tawhid. In order to obtain such literature, the critical analysis was conducted by organising substantive keywords. Then, extraction of data with deep literature analysis was carried out to interpret the findings. The key elements were analysed and synthesised into a new interpretation, conceptualisation and modelling of conceptualising tawakkul and tawhid concerns for sustainability of divine values for self-regulation in religiosity.

Findings

The finding reveals that the significance of conceptualising tawakkul and tawhid refers to as sustainability of divine involvement, as an emotionally religious commitment and as a consciously held religious discipline. Primarily, as the religious principle founded on a basic element transferred into individual and social levels, Islamic insights from tawakkul and tawhid offer valuable considerations for the understanding and amelioration of development by contributing a model that bases the “mental” and “spiritual” elements on a religious foundation, as an ultimate component for faith, a religious commitment and a belief in an authoritarian God to foster moral and spiritual qualities amidst the society.

Originality/value

Regulating tawakkul and tawhid to enhance dynamically constructive system for moral personality through critical examination as a foundation for religious-based self-regulation offers valuable considerations for the understanding and amelioration of development. Critical examination of tawakkul and tawhid as a foundation for religious self-regulation is considerably engaged to enhance the understanding and amelioration of development. It does so by contributing a model that bases mental and spiritual elements on a religious foundation, as an ultimate component for faith, religious commitment and belief in an authoritarian God to foster moral and spiritual qualities among human beings.

Keywords

Citation

Huda, M., Sudrajat, A., Muhamat, R., Mat Teh, K.S. and Jalal, B. (2019), "Strengthening divine values for self-regulation in religiosity: insights from Tawakkul (trust in God)", International Journal of Ethics and Systems, Vol. 35 No. 3, pp. 323-344. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOES-02-2018-0025

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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