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Corporate governance and financial performance of banks in Ghana: the moderating role of ownership structure

Christopher Boachie (Central University, Accra, Ghana)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 7 June 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the moderating effect of ownership on the links between corporate governance and financial performance in the context of Ghanaian banks.

Design/methodology/approach

The current study used a sample of 23 banks and the multiple regression method to analyze a panel dataset of 414 from banks over an 18-year period.

Findings

The findings revealed that audit independence, chief executive officer (CEO) duality, non-executive directors and banks size have a positive impact on performance. The findings also revealed that foreign ownership has an interacting effect between corporate governance and profitability.

Practical implications

The practical implications of the current study demonstrated that good corporate governance creates value and must be invigorated for the interest of all stakeholders. Foreign ownership has an interacting effect between corporate governance and performance. Policymakers should formulate policies for attracting foreign investors.

Originality/value

Interestingly, this study is the first of its kind that exclusively chose ownership structure to interact between corporate governance and bank performance in Ghanaian perspective. Such new insights on this relationship provide useful information to the government, academics, policymakers and other stakeholders. The growing economies of African countries, and the inadequate governance–performance literature in African context, have created a demand to appreciate the governance parameters in these countries and its influence on firm's performance.

Keywords

Citation

Boachie, C. (2021), "Corporate governance and financial performance of banks in Ghana: the moderating role of ownership structure", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-09-2020-1146

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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