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Have China's exports improved the export technology level of the other BRICS countries? An empirical analysis based on data from SITC

Feng Jiang (School of Economics, Peking University, Beijing, China)
Chaofan Chen (School of Economics and Resource Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China)
Qingxin Lan (School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China)
Zhaoyi Zhu (Institute of International Economy, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 14 May 2021

112

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether China's exports can effectively improve the global competitiveness of other BRICS countries' exports from the perspective of intra-BRICS export trade.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper extends the multinational trade model and analyzes the mechanism of the technological upgrading effect from the perspective of dynamic general equilibrium theory. In addition, this paper uses the export panel data of 217 products with three-digit SITC codes from China to other BRICS member countries from 2000 to 2016 and constructs a dynamic empirical model for parameter estimation.

Findings

The results show that China's exports to other BRICS member countries can effectively promote the technological improvement of other BRICS member countries' export products. In particular, the formal establishment of the BRICS organization in 2010 has significantly improved the efficiency of China's export technology optimization.

Originality/value

In the background of the prevalence of anti-globalization and the proliferation of protectionism, this paper proves that the deepening of trade cooperation between other BRICS members with China can help optimize their own international trade competitiveness and allow China's development dividend to benefit more countries and people.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This work was supported by MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences [grant numbers 19YJC790006].

Citation

Jiang, F., Chen, C., Lan, Q. and Zhu, Z. (2021), "Have China's exports improved the export technology level of the other BRICS countries? An empirical analysis based on data from SITC", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-08-2020-0929

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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