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Adoption of artificial intelligence in banking services: an empirical analysis

Mahfuzur Rahman (Department of Finance, Faculty of Business and Economics, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Teoh Hui Ming (Faculty of Business and Economics, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Tarannum Azim Baigh (Department of Economics and Administration, Faculty of Business and Economics, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Moniruzzaman Sarker (Southampton Malaysia Business School, University of Southampton Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 31 December 2021

Issue publication date: 21 November 2023

8883

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to understand the importance and challenges of adopting artificial intelligence (AI) in the banking industry in Malaysia and examine the factors that are important in investigating consumers' intention to adopt AI in banking services.

Design/methodology/approach

The qualitative research was carried out using in-depth interviews from officials in the baking industry to understand the importance and challenges of adopting AI in the banking industry. In the quantitative study, a total of 302 completed questionnaires were received from Malaysian banking customers. The data were analysed using the SmartPLS 3.0 software to identify the important predictors of their intention to adopt AI.

Findings

The qualitative results reveal that AI is an essential tool for fraud detection and risk prevention. The absence of regulatory requirements, data privacy and security, and lack of relevant skills and IT infrastructure are significant challenges of AI adoption. The quantitative results indicate that attitude towards AI, perceived usefulness, perceived risk, perceived trust, and subjective norms significantly influence intention to adopt AI in banking services while perceived ease of use and awareness do not. The results also show that attitude towards AI significantly mediates the relationship between perceived usefulness and intention to adopt AI in banking services.

Practical implications

Financial technology (FinTech) is regarded as a critical determinant of strategic planning in the banking industry. While AI provides various disruptive opportunities in the FinTech space in terms of data collection, analysis, safeguarding and streamlining processes, it also poses a sea of threats to incumbent banks. This study provides vital insights for the policymakers of the banking industry to address the challenges of adopting AI in banking. It also provides the important predictors of the bank customers' intention to adopt AI in banking services. Policymakers can devise their strategies to enhance AI adoption considering the facts.

Originality/value

This study is amongst the pioneer in exploring the importance and potential challenges in implementing AI technology in banking services and identifying the essential factors influencing the intention to adopt AI in Malaysia's banking services.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work is ostensibly supported by the Ungku Aziz Centre for Development Studies (CPDS), Universiti Malaya; project PD010-2018.

Citation

Rahman, M., Ming, T.H., Baigh, T.A. and Sarker, M. (2023), "Adoption of artificial intelligence in banking services: an empirical analysis", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. 18 No. 10, pp. 4270-4300. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-06-2020-0724

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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