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The agribusiness sector as a regional export opportunity: evidence for the Vojvodina region

Bojan Matkovski (Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad, Subotica, Serbia)
Stanislav Zekić (Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad, Subotica, Serbia)
Žana Jurjević (Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad, Subotica, Serbia)
Danilo Đokić (Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad, Subotica, Serbia)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 4 March 2021

Issue publication date: 1 December 2022

283

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine if the agribusiness sector can be an initiator of export on the emerging markets. For this aim, we analyzed export opportunities for the region of Vojvodina, the region in Serbia with the most potential for agribusiness.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses the Comparative Advantage Index and the Index of Intra-industrial Integration to determine the region's level of comparative advantage and the market's level of integration on the main emerging markets.

Findings

The results show that this region has the most competitive advantages in crop production – primarily in cereals and industrial plants – but the situation is not favorable for livestock production. Because of this, comparative advantage should be used as a factor for the growth of competitiveness in the sectors for which crop products are the raw material base. At the same time, agricultural policy measures should encourage more intensive agricultural production, which could create a better foundation for progress in the food industry.

Research limitations/implications

Data collected on foreign trade at the level of statistical regions is not always reliable. Also, regional and local characteristics are specific to each country, so the ability to generalize conclusions is limited.

Practical implications

This paper provides a useful review of the agri-food sector's competitiveness and determines which agri-food segments have competitive advantages. It is essential for policymakers to identify what determinants improve or degrade the competitiveness of the region's agri-food sector.

Originality/value

Since there are a limited number of studies analyzing trends of competitiveness for the region's agri-food sector, the paper will contribute to filling this gap. Furthermore, the framework is conceptually innovative in identifying the determinants that create export opportunities for the region on the international market.

Keywords

Citation

Matkovski, B., Zekić, S., Jurjević, Ž. and Đokić, D. (2022), "The agribusiness sector as a regional export opportunity: evidence for the Vojvodina region", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. 17 No. 10, pp. 2468-2489. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-05-2020-0560

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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