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Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment for refugee education crises

Jamal M. Shamieh (Risk Management, American University of Madaba, Amman, Jordan)
Ihab Hanna Sawalha (Risk Management, American University of Madaba, Amman, Jordan)
Hanan M. Madanat (Languages and Communications, American University of Madaba, Amman, Jordan)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 15 September 2020



The purpose of this study is to aim at: (1) investigating the vulnerabilities/obstacles that hinder refugees in hosting countries from obtaining quality and adequate education and (2) proposing a Framework for Action to transform these vulnerabilities into capacities.


Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) was used for the purpose of this research. A survey strategy was adopted and data were collected using semi-structured interviews with refugee families. One hundred and twenty families were interviewed.


The study identified a number of vulnerabilities; including mainly unavailability of educational facilities; quality of the available education; social challenges and psychological needs. The findings revealed that there was a lack of comprehensive and strategic frameworks for mitigating refugee educational crises.

Practical implications

The lack of adequate and quality education for refugees in host countries is likely to increase illiteracy levels and subsequently trigger humanitarian and natural disasters on the long run. This research emphasizes the importance of developing comprehensive frameworks for quality and adequate refugee education.


To the author's knowledge, and after an extensive review of the existing literature, this is the first study to employ VCA to investigate the extent of the current refugee educational crisis in Jordan. VCA is more commonly used in the context of natural and environmental disasters threatening societies. Relevant authorities need to be aware of the significance of refugee education at individual, communal and national levels, as well as the significance of education to refugee well-being.



Shamieh, J.M., Sawalha, I.H. and Madanat, H.M. (2020), "Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment for refugee education crises", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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