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Conceptualizing and validating resource recombination in context of higher educational institution competitiveness

Dilnaz Muneeb (College of Business Administration, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
Kok Wei Khong (School of marketing, Taylor's University – Lakeside Campus, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)
Christine Ennew (University of Warwick, Coventry, UK)
Mohan Avvari (Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham, Semenyih, Malaysia)

International Journal of Organizational Analysis

ISSN: 1934-8835

Article publication date: 31 January 2020

Issue publication date: 22 April 2020



The purpose of this paper is to explore how resource recombination (RR) may be conceptualized with special reference to the competitiveness of Higher Education Institutions (HEI).


The paper consists of two main studies. Building on pertinent available literature on the subject area, a qualitative investigation was conducted with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. Findings of study one were systematically analysed against a literature derived template. Study two presents a quantitative survey investigation that follows from the codes and themes derived from study one. In study two, findings were validated and analysed with the help of structural equation modelling.


Study one findings identified a total of 64 individual themes representing resources (21 themes), business processes (29 themes) and complementary factors (14 themes), as elements of RR in HEI competitiveness. In study two, the measurement model for RR was found to contain five main factors, namely, asset, research and affiliation processes, automated technology management, financial support for HR and departmental initiatives mainstream staff rewards and retention and institutional brand image appeal.

Practical implications

A significant contribution is made to theory development in the area of RR. Other implications to HEI competitiveness in contribution to national development were offered.


The area of RR remains largely uncovered in strategic management. Conceptualizing RR in the context of HEI competitiveness is new and in the right direction to jumpstart interest in this area by proposing a validated measurement model of HEI.



Muneeb, D., Khong, K.W., Ennew, C. and Avvari, M. (2020), "Conceptualizing and validating resource recombination in context of higher educational institution competitiveness", International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 28 No. 4, pp. 889-916.



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