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French industrial relations: a dual paradox with deep historical roots

Jacques R. Rojot (Department of Management, University of Paris 2, Paris, France)

International Journal of Organizational Analysis

ISSN: 1934-8835

Article publication date: 7 October 2014




The purpose of this paper is to clarify the dual paradox of French industrial relations. On the one hand, unions are numerically weak and bitterly divided but retain a significant influence. On the other hand, the social climate remains highly conflict-prone and marked by an ideological rhetoric opposing the wealthy oppressors to the exploited masses within a relatively prosperous society.


The paper finds a historical explanation in constant features of French society.


The paper found that specific concepts of freedom and equality shaped the present organization of industrial relations.


The paper explains the structure and organization of unions and labor relations through societal elements structured historically.



R. Rojot, J. (2014), "French industrial relations: a dual paradox with deep historical roots", International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 22 No. 4, pp. 486-503.



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Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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